Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend World Congress on Nanoscience and Nano Technology Dubai, UAE.

Day 2 :

OMICS International Asia Pacific Nano Congress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Nikolaus Stolterfoht photo
Biography:

Nikolaus Stolterfoht started his career in the 70’s at the Hahn-Meitner Institute in Berlin, which is one of the national laboratories of Germany. He was the Head of a research group working in the field of atomic collisions with gaseous atoms and solids. He was the Professor at the University of Caen, France. Later, he re-joined to the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin.

Abstract:

After the first observation that keV ions are guided through insulating nano­capillaries, the topic has received consid­erable attention during the past decade. These capillaries are nanotubes with a diameter of about 100 nm and a length of about 10 µm. The essential property of the capillary guiding is a self-organizing process, which governs the charge deposition inside the capillaries. With increasing deposition of the ions, the charge patch increases until the electrostatic field is large enough to deflect the ions. At equilibrium, the ions are guided maintaining their incident charge state. Milestones of the field concerning experiments and simulations are presented in accordance with a recent review over the field of capillary guiding. Experiments are described giving emphasis to the guiding of highly charged ions in the keV energy range. Recent experiments with a single straight macrocapillary are treated allowing for the control of conductivity by changing the temperature of the material. Single tapered capillaries are discussed involving an enhance­ment of the beam density and the production of a microbeam for biological applications. These studies have motivated several groups devoting efforts to the production of a beam with diameter of the submicron scale. Apart from the experimental studies, theoretical concepts of the capillary guiding are discussed. Calculations using a drift model for trajectories and charge distributions for 4.5-keV Ar7+ incident under 0° and 1° into a conical microcapillary were shown in Figure-1. The simulations show that the density of the transmitted ions is enhanced by a factor as large as 4. These results are of importance for the biological applications mentioned. Altogether, it is elucidated that capillary guiding involves several novel phenomena whose understanding has made essential progress.

Keynote Forum

Somnath Bhattacharyya

University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Keynote: Quantum technology based on superconductivity in boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond films

Time : 10:15-11:00

OMICS International Asia Pacific Nano Congress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Somnath Bhattacharyya photo
Biography:

Somnath Bhattacharyya is a Professor in the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. After completing his Doctoral degree from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, he has worked as a Researcher in the USA, Germany and England. Later, he established his new research group the Nano-Scale Transport Physics Laboratory at the University of the Witwatersrand. His major interest is in the transport properties of carbon and has achievements including the demonstration of resonant tunnel devices based on amorphous carbon, gigahertz transport in carbon devices, n-type doping of nanocrystalline diamond and developing theoretical models for transport in disordered carbon. He has published 04 book chapters and over 70 papers in peer reviewed journals.

Abstract:

Diamond is considered as the ideal material for making quantum devices since the lattice constant does not change even in extreme conditions. The ways one can construct qubits in diamond are creating nitrogen vacancy centers and superconducting quantum interference devices. Although the later one has not realized yet, we find there are some similarities between two cases based on the recently developed concept of topological nature of diamond nitrogen vacancy centers and the transport property measurements in the boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond films. Over decade superconductivity in boron-doped diamond initiated intense research due to possible unconventional superconducting state. This can be established in two ways namely introducing graphitic carbon layers which can have a chiral nature and incorporating excess boron atoms in diamond lattice which can form a spin triplet state. Having understood a non-s wave character of these diamond films we are searching for p-wave (odd frequency) character which is related to topologically protected phases. This work will potentially motivate us for a deeper study into the application of this material for a new class of topological qubit which has the capability of revolutionizing the field of quantum computing. The theoretically predicted non-Abelian gauge field and associated Berry phase in diamond system is to be realized experimentally. In this talk we elaborate the novel heterostructures of superconducting nanodiamond films and some exotic transport properties that can be useful for developing topological qubits. Some quantum device concepts combining nitrogen vacancy center and boron doped superconducting diamond are thus discussed.

Keynote Forum

Rafael Popper

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland

Keynote: Developing a sustainable circular economy strategy for electric mobility: Assessing the role of Li-ion battery technology

Time : 11:15-12:00

OMICS International Asia Pacific Nano Congress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Rafael Popper photo
Biography:

Rafael Popper (PhD) is a Principal Scientist in Foresight, Organizational Dynamics and Systemic Change at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Research Fellow at the Manchester Institute of Innovation Research of the University of Manchester. He is the Director of Executive Education in Foresight and Horizon Scanning at the Alliance Manchester Business School and Innovation Director and CEO of Futures Diamond Ltd (UK and Czech Republic). He has also worked at United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and as Consultant for the European Commission, World Bank and other international, governmental and business organizations in Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia and Australia.

Abstract:

Due to climate change as well as the growing capacity of new storage media for electric power, electric mobility represents a future vision for individual mobility on an environmentally friendly basis. We present a way to develop a future vision about this kind of economy and the elements its progression requires. We assess critical issues, such as barriers, drivers, opportunities and threats, for electric engine system development and prioritize those issues from a set of selected innovations and development trends. Following the critical issue assessment and analysis, we identify potential key aspects affecting the context, people, process and impact of electric mobility management dimensions. Here, context refers to critical factors clustered around potential space for innovation; capacity to anticipate, strategize and overcome gaps in the innovation curve; resources emphasizing the need for healthy combinations of skills, finance, location, markets, etc., and mobilization of relevant stakeholders including business, research and education, civil society and government actors. People dimension consists of critical factors shaping the activities of the actors involved in activities and decisions influencing electric mobility. Moreover, transforming electric mobility is a complex, participatory and multifaceted process. We can divide process-related critical factors into two broader sets of key aspects: Catalysts, contributing to the initiation, development and implementation of electric mobility and fosterers, including factors that further support the implementation and diffusion phases of electric mobility innovations. The impact dimension refers to positive changes in the socio-technical system that lead to positive environmental, social, economic, government and infrastructure transformations without compromising the needs of future generations. Through systematic bibliometric and patent analyses we show that lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery has been a key enabling technology for electric mobility and future (electric) engine systems. However, a growing number of researchers are trying to shift away from conventional Li-ion battery technology and apply nanotechnology to other energy storage devices in order to make them more cost competitive and influence superior performance as compared to Li-ion batteries. A careful analysis and evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of these approaches is therefore indispensable.

Keynote Forum

Giuseppe Mucci

Bioscience Clinic ,UAE

Keynote: Stem Cells: The new frontier of drugs

Time : 12:00-12:45

OMICS International Asia Pacific Nano Congress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Giuseppe Mucci photo
Biography:

Giuseppe Mucci has graduated in Movement Science at Faculty of Medicine in Urbino, Italy. He is a Professor of Bio-Economy at the University of Lugano, Switzerland and Advisory Board Member of the University of Roma Tor Vergata. He has established Bioscience Institute in San Marino, Italy in 2007 and Bioscience Clinic in Dubai, UAE in 2013.

Abstract:

Scientific innovations of the last year had pushed stem cells as an alternative therapy to drug and synthetic material. Several recent studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of these cells in cancer therapies; indeed, some researches had established the significant biological safety of adipose derived stem cells and more important procedures exploiting stem cells, during the expansion process, do not need products extracted from animal (bovine fetal serum): this assures a higher level of compliance with GMP quality standards. Platelet lysate is the medium that, if introduced in the biological culture, other than provide a safer final product, results in a significant increase of the proliferation process, hence a reduction of the time of cultivation (almost 50%). Moreover, using stem cells, cell proliferation increased 10 times more than precedent culture techniques. A safer and more effective product is the results of the use of adipose derived stem cells. Moreover, also production costs are reduced which had resulted in more cost-effective use of autologous expanded ADSC’s for patients. An important clinical study conducted by the University of Copenhagen had demonstrated the effectiveness of adipose derived stem cells in soft tissue augmentation making it a suitable alternative to the use of implants or fillers for body shaping or face contour. Furthermore, a clinical study from most important European universities in the field of orthopedics funded by the European Union (within the 7th Framework Program) analyzed the application of the stem cells in the treatment of cartilage degeneration (osteoarthritis). This clinical trial (ADIPOA) lasted 54 months and it demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of stem cells in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Moreover, it also highlights the ideal dosage to cure this disease. Stem cells are an alternative product to botulinum toxin, hyaluronic acid, polylactic acid and anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory medicines.

Keynote Forum

Basma El Zein

University of Business and Technology, KSA

Keynote: Nanomaterials for 3rd generation sensitized solar cells

Time : 13:45-14:45

OMICS International Asia Pacific Nano Congress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Basma El Zein photo
Biography:

Basma El Zein is the Dean of Scientific Research at UBT. She has nearly 18 years of experience in academic and research institutions. She was a Research Scientist at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and an Associate Researcher at IEMN, Lille, France. She is a Senior Member of IEEE, Member of ACS, MRS, SPIE and ECS. She has been selected as winner of Albert Nelson Life Achievement Award by Marquis Who’s Who, 2017 and Solar Pioneer by MESIA, 2015. Her research interests include working on nanostructures for third generation eco-green solar cells, energy harvesting and energy storage. She is exploring new materials perovskite to be used as light absorber for solid state sensitized solar cells. She is a Reviewer in many international, peer-reviewed journals, the chair or co-chair and on the committee of different international conferences, has published many international journals and had one patent.

Abstract:

Nano-materials are considered as building block for many optoelectronic devices. They differ from bulk counterpart in the size, characteristic and offer new opportunities to be employed in various applications. Zero dimensional (0D) and one dimensional (1D) nanostructures have attracted lots of attention in solar energy harvesting, conversion and storage, owing to their unique physical and chemical properties. Nano-materials offer many advantages in energy conversion specifically in solar cells. These solar cells, depends on the physical interaction between nanomaterials or chemical reaction at the surface or interface of the nanomaterials. In this presentation, we will discuss the zero and one dimensional nanostructures and the role they play in increasing the conversion efficiency of solar cells, taking in consideration the materials to be used to meet the main objective of developing an eco-green solar cell with high conversion efficiency.